Spider Spotlight: The Black Widow
Any mention of a spider can most cringe just from the thought that popped into their head at that moment. The creepy, crawly eight legged things can be scary to see around your house, but the majority of spiders play a vital role in our ecosystem at controlling other pests. As hard as it is to imagine, keeping them alive could make our lives easier, even if our minds are a little uneasy for the next few minutes.
However, there are a few spiders that you may want to keep an eye out for that aren’t welcome in your home as they pose a threat to you and your family. A black widow is one of these exceptions in this case as they are dangerous creatures that could cause harm to anything it encounters. Knowing the basics about black widows could better prepare you in avoiding their habitats, but also eliminating potential habitats throughout your home.
GETTING TO KNOW THEM
Black widows get their name for their signature jet black color and the fact that some females have been thought to eat males after mating. Males are just black, but you can tell female black widows apart from other black spiders by the notorious red hourglass on the underside of their abdomen. Females are the ones to be worried about because males don’t have the toxins that females that cause harm.
Many people believe black widows are aggressive and will bite you for no reason. In reality, most black widows are only aggressive when you get near their webs that have an egg sac on them. In most insistences, they have to be pressed against flesh to be instigated enough to bite. This happens many times when searching through dark corners that black widows may be hiding or walking in a garden without proper attire.
THEIR NATURAL HABITAT
Black widows are normally found outside, so when working in the garden or yard, be sure to wear gloves, long sleeves, and closed toed shoes. Your clothing is your first line of defense and could be the factor that keeps you from being bitten as black widows usually only bite once. Black widows are shy nocturnal arachnids, so many times if you are bitten outside, then you have walked into their territory. Drought or cold weather could force them to seek shelter somewhere warmer which is when they may come inside into where you live.
When black widows come inside they normally stay in dark, damp places, like garages, cellars, and basements. Be vigilant when going into an area that you haven’t been in a while or can’t see well because there may just be something else living there. Black widows may even crawl into shoes or gloves that aren’t used often, so it is a good idea to shake them out to make sure there isn’t guest hiding in there.
A QUICK BITE
If you are bitten, neurotoxins are mixed with the spiders saliva and then put into your bloodstream that causes a reaction. You may not feel the pain immediately, but the maximum pain hits after about one to three hours and is normally gone after 12 to 24 hours. The bite can cause fever, sweating, vomiting, chills, back pain, and much more. Children under 30 pounds or people of old age are more at risk if bitten, so keep an eye on their symptoms.
After being bitten by a black widow there are a few quick steps to help ease the process. Adding ice to the bite site will help with the swelling and cleaning the site with alcohol or hydrogen peroxide will prevent infection that may come from the spider. People rarely die from being bitten by a black widow, but because the reactions are different for everyone, it is always a good idea to seek medical attention and take the spider with you if possible.
Seeing multiple black widows often is rare, but not unheard of. Cleaning up clutter from your yard and storage spaces can help deter spiders from making those places their homes. Looking for cracks and crevices around your house and sealing them will also prevent black widows from coming inside. If you continue seeing multiple, then bringing in a pest control specialist is the best way to get rid of them without taking the risk of getting bitten.
Specialist can come in and determine where the spiders are mating and hatching to target those areas as well as eliminating those that are already living there. Doing this on your own can be dangerous, so consult the professionals before trying to exterminate them yourself. If you do see one, kill it by knocking it down with something and stepping on it with a shoe or use a vacuum to remove it.